What Your Horse Wants You To Know What Horses Bad Behaviour Means And How To Correct It

By Gincy Self Bucklin

  • Genre : Animals
  • Publisher :
  • ISBN : 978 0764540851
  • Year : 2003
  • Language: English


W hat Yo u r H orse W ants Yo u t o Kn o w W hat Yo u r H orse W ants Y o u to K n o w WHAT HORSES BAD BEHAVIOR MEANS AND HOW TO CORRECT IT Gincy Self Bucklin 2 HOWELL BOOK HOUSE Copyright 2003 by Virginia Self Bucklin All rights reserved Howell Book House Published by Wiley Publishing Inc Hoboken NJ No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying recording scanning or otherwise except as permit ted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act without either the prior written permission of the Publisher or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center 222 Rosewood Drive Danvers MA 01923 978 750-8400 fax 978 646-8700 Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Legal Department Wiley Publishing Inc 10475 Crosspoint Blvd Indianapolis IN 46256 317 572-3447 fax 317 572-4447 E-mail 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design by Jose Almaguer Book production by Wiley Publishing Inc Composition Services Harris Howard Bucklin Jr Finest of horsemen and best of husbands This book is lovingly dedicated C o n ten ts Acknowledgments Preface Introduction What You Need to Know to Help Your Horse Bathing Afraid of the Hose Biting People Blankets Fear of Blanketing Bridling Fusses About His Ears Bridling Raises or Throws Head When Removing Bridling Won t Open His Mouth Clipping Resistance To Cold Weather Behavior Doctoring Applying Eye Ointments Doctoring Drenching Doctoring Fear of Shots Doctoring Soaking a Leg or a Foot Doctoring Treating Wounds Ear-Shyness Overcoming Feeding Problems Bolting His Grain Feeding Problems Making Noise While Waiting Feeding Problems Picky Eater Feeding Problems Throwing Grain Out of the Manger Feet Refusing to Hold Up Feet Refusing to Pick Up Feet Refusing to Stand for the Farrier Gates Problems With Arena Grazing in Hand Problems Grooming Fussing or Fidgeting During Haltering Resistance To xi xiii 1 37 38 40 42 44 47 48 50 52 53 55 56 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 67 69 70 72 74 76 viii Contents Head-Shyness Overcoming Kicking at Other Horses Kicking at People Leading Breaking Away While Leading Running Over Handler While Leading Rushing Ahead While Leading Spooking While Leading Won t Go When Asked Leg Wraps Fussing About Longeing Horse Won t Start Longeing Pulling Away While Longeing Turning to Face You Mane Pulling Resistance To Mounting Moving During Nipping Panicking Against Crossties Panicking Stepping on the Lead Rope or Reins Panicking When Caught in Something Panicking When Left Alone Pawing Dangerous Striking Rawing for Treats Pawing From Nervousness Rawing Mild Striking Personal Space Bumping Stepping on or Walking Into You Personal Space Head Swinging Personal Space Mugging for Treats Rearing as a Game Rearing When Being Led Saddling Moving During Saddling Problems While Being Cinched or Girthed Up Spooking at Familiar Objects Stall Problems Breaking Out 78 79 81 83 86 87 89 91 93 94 96 98 99 102 105 107 111 112 114 116 117 119 120 121 122 124 125 127 129 131 133 135 Contents 78 79 81 83 86 87 89 91 93 94 96 98 99 02 05 07 11 12 14 16 17 19 20 21 22 74 25 27 29 31 33 35 ix Stall Problems Crowding Stall Problems Fear of Doorways Stall Problems Getting Cast Stall Problems Kicking the Stall Stall Problems Manure on the Wall in the Manger or in the Water Bucket Stall Problems Playing With the Water Stall Problems Souring Ears or Charging the Bars Stall Problems Turning the Tail to the Door Stall Problems Walking and Weaving Stall Problems Windsucking or Cribbing Trailering Loading Trailering Loading When You Can t Do It Right Trailering Pawing or Kicking While Underway Trailering Scrambling Turnout Breaking Away During Turnout Bullying Other Horses Turnout Charging Turnout Chewing Wood Turnout Refusing to Be Caught Tying Chewing on the Rope Tying Won t Tie Afterword 137 139 140 143 Appendix A Resources Appendix B Illustrated Glossary Index 179 183 189 144 145 146 148 149 151 152 154 156 158 159 162 164 166 167 170 171 177 A ckn o w led g m en ts I have learned about horses and training from many sources during my life the most outstanding of whom were my mother Margaret Cabell Self Mike and Ruth Miller of Sleepy Hollow in Tarrytown New York William Hillebrand and Sally Swift And like all of us I learned the most from the horses themselves It took me a long time to leam to listen to them but they never gave up and I m getting better at it I would also like to acknowledge the help and support for this book that I received from my daughter Karen Stoddard Hayes the real writer in the fam ily and all the people on the Riding With Confidence and Horseman Off-Topic e-groups who so generously gave of their thoughts and ideas when I was stumped Gincy Self Bucklin Narragansett Rhode Island February 2003 P reface A surprising number of horse owners are afraid of their horses They aren t frightened all the time but maybe they don t go on trails or mounting is tricky or they don t really like to canter Other owners seem to spend a lot of time being angry with their horses or disciplining them When you think about the nature of the horse you have to wonder what went wrong Horses as a group are by nature somewhat lazy they will sleep as much as 20 hours a day gre garious as herd animals they enjoy interaction with their fellow creatures and peaceful as vegetarians they don t have to fight with each other or attack other animals to get food If horses are laid-back friendly and nonviolent what s to be afraid of or angry about Nearly all o f the trouble is o f our own making First we don t communicate well That is we don t make clear to the horse in ways that he can understand what we want and we don t listen or don t try to understand what he wants The horse becomes confused and makes mis takes that are frequently perceived as deliberate What s wrong with you You know better than that Both horse and handler have become frustrated and angry By focusing on communication rather than simply training we change our attitude toward the horse from insisting on obedience to creating an atmos phere of mutual cooperation This gives the horse far more confidence and elim inates much of the tension that lies behind so many disobediences The horse discovers that what we want is really the pleasantest and easiest thing for him to do in any situation and we discover that making things easier for the horse leads to far more successful and satisfying training Second we don 7 understand the best ways to teach the horse We ride a young horse toward a jump He approaches it somewhat tensely and unevenly balanced Rather than risk a fall he stops We punish him for stopping The next time not only is he worried about his balance he is also worried about being punished If he does jump it will be an awkward leap probably much higher than necessary to compensate for his insecurity We tell all our friends what a big jump he has in him He tells all his friends he hates jumping With the spread of knowledge through better worldwide communication more books Internet access television etc the understanding of how to deal with other species has undergone a revolution Knowledgeable trainers have moved away from the belief that the horse is inferior in intelligence and inca pable of learning except through punishment Instead they have studied how the horse perceives humans and how he learns They understand the importance of good relationships and positive reinforcement marking the good behavior rather than the bad The result is that the horse himself becomes part of the xiii xiv Preface solution rather than part of the problem Instead of worrying frantically about how to avoid punishment he looks for ways to earn rewards Third we re in too much o f a hurry A horse is not born knowing all the things we want him to know It takes time for him to learn them and people are not always patient They send a young horse to a trainer for a month and think he should be perfectly trained when he returns The trainer may be under pres sure to get the horse ready for competition so he skips the true essentials to put a superficial gloss on the horse We are also not patient enough with ourselves Riding and handling horses well are not skills that are learned in a hurry but people want to ride on trails and canter and jump and often expect the horse to cope with their inadequacies The horse tries to tell them he can t do it but they insist and soon you have a frustrated or frightened animal and a rider who thinks he has a problem horse The purpose of this book is to guide you in solving some of the problems you may be having with your horse and to improve your understanding both of the problem and of the horse himself This book deals almost entirely with problems you meet on the ground because riding problems often result from inadequate riding skills which are a separate challenge However many riding problems are best solved on the ground first Each chapter describes a different problem telling you first of all what the horse is trying to communicate to you as well as what he may think you are saying to him Only when you know what the horse thinks the problem is can you help him solve it Then I will offer you a variety of possible ways to deal with the problem The solutions are mostly based on using one or more of four training systems clicker training Parelli Natural Horse-man-ship round pen training and Tellington-Jones Equine Awareness Method all of which are explained briefly in the Introduction I have found all of these systems to be fairly easy to learn and there is a good support system for each one in books tapes and on the Internet see Appendix A With reasonable care the novice whose intent is good can use them without harming or abusing the horse Finally I will tell you what not to do which is often equally important You should begin by reading the Introduction to get an overview of the things you need to know to use the book There will be page references through out the text to bring you back to a specific tool or training method Ini TO --------- THE R ule I norsc And fr0m v may dslight 1 known a horse KULE The I pleas forffi fh n painl This i 1 means to In l welfar givabl R ule Maki Look trainir ment If you I n t r o d u c t io n W hat Y o u N eed to K n o w to H elp Y o u r H orse THE RULES R u le N u m b er 1 Look after your own personal safety first then your horse s And of course the safety of anyone nearby Working with horses is different from working with smaller animals Even a horse who doesn t want to hurt you may do so by accident He has so much size and power and quickness that a slight miscalculation on his part can result in serious injury to someone I have known some very experienced horsemen who stood too close and were nailed by a horse who was just playing and got a little careless Don t be careless yourself R u le N u m b e r 2 The most important factor in having a horse who wants to please you is genuine caring on your part Horses are very forgiving of the people who truly love them even when those people make mistakes that are frightening or even painful This is a book about dealing with things horses do that don t please you This means that to some extent you re going to be training your horse Or trying to In the process you re going to make mistakes We all do But if your horse s welfare and feelings have top priority you re not going to make many unfor givable mistakes R ule N u m b e r 3 Make learning fun for both of you Look for ways to make the horse feel successful not frustrated or angry All the training systems described later on and used throughout the book have an ele ment of fun and accomplishment If you get bored or frustrated change games If you aren t having fun the horse won t either Use a lot of praise and smiles When you smile it makes you feel happy and the horse senses that and feels happy too 1 2 What Your Horse Wants You to Know R ule N u m b e r 4 If it doesn t even begin to work try something else Morton W Cappy Smith Helping your horse solve his problems is largely a matter of trial and error espe cially when you re just learning As you gain experience you make better guesses about what will work but they are still guesses The trick is to see the error early on and be willing to try something else not be chained to one way of doing things That s not the same as chopping and changing until the horse is confused It simply means that you try something for awhile If you see improvement right away and the horse seems comfortable with it you know you re on the right track If nothing much seems to be happening stay with it a bit longer sometimes the road to understanding has a few bumps and curves in it If it upsets the horse a lot or makes the behavior worse it s probably wrong I had halfwi foot been i refuse him g dead effort he his tn Ni Bewar i Rule R ule N u m b e r 5 Be patient persistent and consistent Patience Take the time it takes Don t try to get it all done in one day Only if you are willing to spend the time doing the basic stuff what a house painter calls the prep work will you get the best results That doesn t mean you have to keep doing the same boring things over and over It does mean that as you go forward and see weaknesses you must have the patience and the persistence to go back and fix what isn t right Horses like children have a lot of patience and persistence when they re trying to get their own way So you have to be just as patient and persistent And as you are persistent in asking for what you want so you are also consistent You don t tell the horse one thing one day and change the rules the next That s how children and horses turn into spoiled brats You also have to have the judgment to make this fit with Rule Number 4 R u le N u m b e r 6 Always ask yourself Why Don t make the just assumption The horse is just being a stinker or just wants to annoy me or that s just the way he is Horses have reasons for every thing they do Sometimes it takes a long time to determine the reason Sometimes you don t know for sure but you make an educated guess In the case of sudden behavioral changes always look for a physical cause some thing that is creating pain or the potential for pain A horse going to times as shorten problem tions are taking lc N Always Rule It s so te risking f what ma N You d R ule Sometin alone r totally i weeks you and thing to Introduction What You Need to Know to Help Your Horse 3 TALKING HORSES Espejetter e the way rse is l see enow h it a jrves jably I had a horse whom I had been jumping pretty regularly One day about halfway through our ju m p in g session I asked him to jump through a threefoot combination two fences with one stride b e t w e e n w h ich he had been doing successfully for some time To my surprise and annoyance he refused to jump the second fence After a short battle I wasn t going to let him get away with it I got him over the two fences The next day he was d e a d lame It seems he had strained his back a little at some point and the effort of ju m p in g two fences in quick succession was more than he thought he co u ld do He was right i was wrong It cost me time and money and his trust So we learn R ule N u m b e r 7 Beware of shortcuts and quick fixes lly if inter have u go ce to and st as it so ange You A horse doesn t develop a bad habit or a bad attitude in a day and you aren t going to fix it in one or two training sessions Physiologically it takes three times as long to change a habit as it did to develop it in the first place The real shortcut is to learn as much as you can so you can find the true cause of the problem and choose the best method for solving it Sometimes the right solu tions are simple and quick but if they re not trying to cut comers will end up taking longer or may mean not arriving at all R ule N u m ber 8 Always quit when you re both ahead It s so tempting to do it one more time when things are going well Besides risking failure you also take away from the horse s feeling of success which is what makes him want to do it again tomorrow just eryison i the me- R ule N u m b e r 9 You don t always have to win Sometimes the best thing to do when you re getting nowhere is simply leave it alone rather than making a big issue of a particular problem Work on other totally unrelated things that the horse and you can enjoy together After a few weeks of this if the problem comes up again the horse s whole attitude toward you and it may have changed to the point where he no longer sees it as some thing to worry about 4 What Your Horse Wants You to Know R u le N u m b er 10 If you don t know ask If you have a problem that you can t solve find someone who knows and ask for help If there is no one in your area try the Internet or the library Just be sure the person you ask is someone whose skills and techniques you respect And don t make the mistake of running around and asking everyone you meet what they think You may get 20 different answers and end up more confused than before THE TOOLS What It s All About Building a Good Relationship The big difficulty we and horses have in communicating with one another is that they are prey potentially someone s lunch and we are predators whom they instinctively perceive as someone who wants to eat them If you walk straight at a horse looking at him as you do so his instinct even if he knows you well is to turn away ready to ran since your body language is saying that you want to catch and eventually kill and eat him So your first goal with a horse is to com municate that even though you look like a predator you really don t want to have that relationship with him What kind of a relationship do you want with your horse Pretty much the same relationship you want with a friend or a spouse a give-and-take rela tionship a partnership But partnership doesn t mean you are equal all the time In any given situation where there are decisions to be made one of you will nearly always be more qualified than the other If it s a question of which trail to take to reach an objective you re the one who knows but if it s a question of where to put his feet to get over a bit of trappy ground the horse has a better feeling for that You each have to respect the other s judgment and be willing to give up control when the other partner is the expert But now we run into another horse attribute Horses are herd animals In the wild the lowest-ranked member of the herd is the one most likely to lose out whether it s getting the best food or being pushed out to where a predator can get him It s called survival of the fittest and is one of the ways nature ensures that the best animals survive But that means in his relationships with other horses a horse is constantly challenging trying to improve his rank Once he has decided you re not a predator but a friend and therefore a member of his herd he tries to make you a lower-ranked member than himself Since he is big ger and stronger than you he doesn t see why he shouldn t be able to do this Consequently before you can be partners you have to gain the horse s respect so that he will give you control when it s appropriate Since most of the time you work in situations where you know more about what s going on than he does he has to give up control most of the time to you You have to be lead mare the herd boss A lot of trainers try to gain this respect solely by being bossy aggressive demanding making the horse toe the line That s what the lead mare does But there appears to be an innate trust between horses in a herd that does not apply to our reU bossy witl that love i not percer felt the te do better bad mark teachers w politeness hold in the First feelings Y that th ere ing systeir greater tru more expe you and tl up control willing t o thing unus was that One si and some working w average ge you just ha dies that w The ch situation 1 young hors weigh a the who rode a because tin fearlessness patient and be avoided Commu The Nat We all kno those are nc whole body is somethin in all creatt birds or set ming along Introduction What You Need to Know to Help Your Horse 5 to our relationship In other words the lead mare can apparently be tough and bossy with the other horses and they still love and trust her You have to create that love and trust first Then when you ask for respect as well the horse will not perceive it simply as tyranny Think of the teachers you had in school If you felt the teacher liked you and she gave you a bad mark on a paper you tried to do better On the other hand if you felt she didn t like you and she gave you a bad mark you figured it was just because she didn t like you In addition the teachers whom you felt liked you but who also expected and got respect and politeness from the students at all times are the teachers you remember and hold in the highest regard First you build trust You show the horse that you respect his needs and feelings You will see in the descriptions of Parelli clicker training and Tteam that there are a number of ways to do that Then you can use those same train ing systems with the addition of round pen training to gain respect and even greater trust Round pen training is also used to gain initial trust but it takes a more experienced horseman A horse who trusts and respects you will listen to you and that s what you need to start with When a horse trusts you he gives up control to you even in situations that are threatening The horse who isn t willing to give up control is the one who spooks violently or bolts when some thing unusual or unexpected occurs A horse who trusts you says Oh What was that Oh you say it s okay Fine One situation where building a relationship can be difficult is with stallions and some mares in heat Many people have beautifully behaved stallions but working with them does require greater experience and sensitivity than with the average gelding Mares in heat are sometimes so tense and uncomfortable that you just have to be very forgiving There are hormones and homeopathic reme dies that work in many cases to make the mare more comfortable The classic green rider-green horse combination produces another difficult situation This is compounded if the rider is a child Parents give the child a young horse as though it were a puppy or a kitten but puppies and kittens don t weigh a thousand pounds and you don t try to ride them either Older riders who rode as children decide to go back to it and get talked into a young horse because their perception of their skills is skewed by memory and childhood fearlessness It is possible if the horse is kind and the rider is sensible very patient and has a good advisor to work these relationships out but they should be avoided if possible Communication From You to the Horse Your Body The Natural Tools We all know about the natural aids hands legs seat weight and voice But those are not the only natural ways in which we communicate with a horse Our whole body talks to the horse all the time Two things are taking place the first is something I call muscular telepathy which describes a phenomenon we see in all creatures that move around in groups whether herds of horses flocks of birds or schools of fish Let s take a school of fish several hundred all swim ming along together Suddenly they all shoot off upward and to the right 6 What Your Horse Wants You to Know almost simultaneously Now you know the lead fish didn t say to the second fish When I get to that piece of red coral I m going to go up and to the right Pass it on O f course not But something is going on that enables the fish to move together effortlessly and without running into one another At some level their bodies talk to each other hence muscular telepathy This ability is not restricted within species our bodies talk to our horses bodies and theirs to ours Therefore by releasing tensions in our own bodies we can communicate relax ation and confidence to the horse TALKING HORSES I originally learned about muscular telepathy at a Centered Riding clinic some years ago As an instructor I was assigned a student on a longe line We were told to choose some area of the horse s body that we wanted to change The horse carried his head high with his neck somewhat upsidedown so we chose the back of his neck Then the two of us student and instructor were to focus on the backs of our own necks and do whatever exercises seemed appropriate to release any tensions we might have in that area So we worked on that for five minutes or so Then we were to focus on the horse s neck and while continuing to maintain relaxation in our own necks im agine the horse s neck releasing and relaxing as well To our astonishment the horse immediately released much of his tension and dropped his head Since then I have learned that if we allow ourselves we can feel what is going on in the horse s body because we can find the same tensions in our own bodies There is a corollary to muscular telepathy that was only discovered fairly recently It was always thought that emotions began in the brain and the body reacted Research now indicates that it works the other way around For exam ple your body sees hears or senses something scary and responds by holding its breath tensing abdominal muscles to create a protective fetal position and preparing to flee The brain looks at this and says Gracious I must be fright ened Then along comes someone who is relaxed and confident who smiles cheerfully and says Hey it s okay You find yourself returning the smile and suddenly you are no longer frightened Her body transmitted its emotion cheer ful smile via muscular telepathy to yours you smile and changed your emo tion from fearful to cheerful You have probably known people who never seem to be concerned when riding and whose horses never seem to act up My husband is such a person Horses who were nervous wrecks with other riders would just trudge along with him If they happened to spook at a bird it was as if he didn t even notice He just went with the motion and calmly continued on his way The lack of tension in his body was transmitted to the horse via muscular telepathy and gave the Introdui horse the confidei say good for hir doesn t happen ov The Five Steps The five steps are chi and similar m into the mode it When you sense tr by doing the five s then says Ah no himself feeling sec you and your horsi Grounding is t using the terms n specific Groundin ing well the tennis in a downhill race school Remember body in any direct the ground withou rienced when you I Grounding is Grounding makes 1 him calm and conf When I was takii nician seemed t horse had been differently and I solidly grounded letically whenev off his feet woul The five steps for most people If tice it more but dor Step 1 Growing Growing stretches just as stretching ou Introduction What You Need to Know to Help Your Horse say to the second p and to the right nables the fish to ier At some level This ability is not and theirs to ours mmunicate relax- i Riding clinic n a longe line we wanted to lewhat upsideis student and d do whatever ht have in that were to focus axation in our as well To our is tension and can feel what tensions in 7 horse the confidence and thus the relaxation we all look for Well you may say good for him but can t do that Yes you can It takes practice and it doesn t happen overnight but you can leam Here s how The Five Steps and Grounding The Five steps are a group of exercises derived from Centered Riding yoga taichi and similar mental and physical disciplines Together they put your body into the mode it would normally be in when you feel relaxed and confident When you sense trouble during ground work either in yourself or in your horse by doing the five steps you fix your body in confident mode and your brain then says Ah now I feel more comfortable Your horse copies you and finds himself feeling secure as well The more you do this the more confidence both you and your horse develop Grounding is the ultimate result that the five steps lead you to I have been using the terms relaxed and confident but grounded is more correct and specific Grounding is what all good athletes are doing when they are perform ing well the tennis player receiving a serve the baseball player at bat the skier in a downhill race and you when you were playing dodge ball in grammar school Remember that stance you had Alert balanced ready to move your body in any direction to avoid the ball but with your feet firmly connected to the ground without tension By contrast not being grounded is what you expe rienced when you tried to skate the first time Grounding is also essential fo r the horse both physically and emotionally Grounding makes him feel he can handle any situation and this in turn makes him calm and confident TALKING HORSES discovered fairly lin and the body ound For examjonds by holding etal position and I must be frightdent who smiles ng the smile and s emotion cheeranged your emoconcemed when is such a person rudge along with t even notice He le lack of tension hy and gave the When 1was taking a Rarelli clinic I was impressed with how easily our cli nician seemed to handle every horse no matter how uncontrolled the horse had been with his owner I watched him carefully to see what he did differently and the thing that caught my eye was that he always looked solidly grounded This meant that not only could he move quickly and ath letically whenever necessary but the feeling I got was that if a bomb went off his feet would never leave the ground The five steps can be practiced in any order but I find this order works best for most people If you find one step more difficult than another you can prac tice it more but don t dwell on it to the point of making yourself tense about it Step 1 Growing Growing stretches and straightens your body and thus makes it more flexible just as stretching out a Slinky makes it more flexible It also releases tensions in 8 What Your Horse Wants You to Know the front of your body which tends to shorten up in stress situations sort of like returning to the fetal position Bring your relaxed left hand up in front of your nose with your thumb toward you Now reach up with your left arm following it up with your eyes and head until your arm is vertical above your shoulder with your fingers slightly flexed Next bring your head and eyes back down so you are looking straight in front of you but as though you were looking over granny glasses Continue to reach up with your arm stretching as far as you can until you feel a pull at your waist Bring your arm down slowly but leave your body up there Repeat with your right arm but this time when you finish bring your hand down to the top of your head directly between your ears and behind your nose Tap a couple of times then bringing your arm down imagine there is a string on the top of your head that is attached to a big balloon or if you prefer imag ine a lock of your hair is caught in a nail above your head Allow the balloon or the pressure on your hair to pull your body upward Think of a cardboard skeleton a Halloween decoration Its head and torso hang from a string and then its arms and legs hang from the torso Step 2 Shakeout Shakeout releases all sorts of small tensions throughout your body that you would normally not be conscious of You see many athletes shaking out just before a competition From your growing position allow your arms to dangle then begin to shake your fingers as though you had water or sand on them that you were try ing to flick off Continue up your arms with the same shaking motion doing your hands wrists forearms elbows arms and finally your shoulders Now do your feet one at a time beginning with the foot then the ankle shin knee and thigh Be sure to shake them vigorously not rotate or wiggle them up and down You can imagine that they are saltshakers and you are shak ing salt everywhere Finally bend over from the hip as far as is comfortable with your knees lightly flexed and your arms dangling and shake all over like a dog Hint The sillier you feel the better you re doing it Step 3 Breathing Correct breathing is the essential skill Hold your breath for 10 or 15 seconds and see how tense you become throughout your whole body Horses hold their breath when they are tense too Correct breathing consists of a fairly short inhale and a long slow exhale at least twice as long as the inhale Take a quick gasping breath Even the sound is scary Now breathe a long sigh Whew That s better When horses breathe out that long sneezy sigh which we call blowing out we know they re relaxed Horses who never blow out are always a bit tense Correct breathing comes from the diaphragm not the chest Your shoulders should not lift when you inhale and your upper chest should not expand until the end of the inhale Place your hand on your stomach just about at your waistline Breathe in through your nose if possible fairly rapidly Feel how your hand is Introt pushed out by as in front Thei air out slowly 1 breathe in again you are always If you have chest try this L ing your forean be next to each upper arms will to feel your dia shoulders still Step 4 Soft Ey The easiest way begin by staring everything else i toward the objec Notice how mui focused directly you see all arour Soft eyes ai ground too Firs which is the foci a bird But mon space and they When you a tions Step one i the steps and pu mount you have the stirrup with i straighten up pu my stirrup or But after a while together effortles Left brain is instructor is talki can go into righ often a person rit Lefl brain is ens the horse It i happens while ri sons instructors s ers are frightened When they look i the horse

Author Gincy Self Bucklin Isbn 978 0764540851 File size 8 5 MB Year 2003 Pages 208 Language English File format PDF Category Animals Listen to and communicate with your horse successfully This is a book for everyone who has ever looked at the constantly increasing list of methods and systems marketed as horsemanship and wondered which of the many possible approaches would be most suitable for a particular behavior problem Gincy Bucklin has distilled her many years of experience with hors